Pet Education

Browse our veterinary-reviewed Dog and Cat Illness Guide to learn more about pet health. Always talk to your veterinarian if you have a concern about your pet's symptoms or health.
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Feline Gingivitis and Stomatitis


Two mouth diseases in cats that commonly come together are:

  1. Gingivitis: inflammation of the gums
  2. Stomatitis: inflammation of the entire mouth, including the tongue, inner lips, floor, and roof of the mouth

Bacteria build-up on the teeth can enter your pet's bloodstream and infect other organs. If left untreated, it will lead to tooth loss.

Gingivostomatitis is treatable and preventable. Regular dental care at home and by your veterinarian is necessary for your pet to have good dental health.


There are no proven causes, but some theories include:


Obvious signs that your cat has developed gingivitis and stomatitis are:


To properly diagnose your cat with gingivitis and stomatitis, your veterinarian may perform the following:


Most veterinarians will recommend the following treatments for cats with gingivostomatitis:

You will not be able to remove the plaque and tartar yourself because:



The prognosis depends on the underlying cause. In simple cases, the prognosis is excellent with a professional dental cleaning and at-home care.

Medically Reviewed by Sara Ochoa, DVM

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