If you are looking for a small, but lively pet that makes a great companion, the Pomeranian might be just the right dog for you. This breed is affectionate, good-natured and very loyal to its owner. For those who enjoy showing dogs, the Pomeranian as a pet is an excellent choice.
The Pomeranian’s name originally came from a region in Pomerania, which is present day Germany and Poland. Believed to have originated from a larger working class dog, known as the Wolfspitz (German for “sharp point”), the earlier Pomeranians weighed nearly 30 pounds. Not very well known at all, it dramatically grew in popularity in the 17th century when Queen Victoria fell in love with a particularly small Pomeranian she came across in Italy, which she brought back to England in 1888. As popularity grew, the size of the dog shrunk dramatically, nearly 50% in Queen Victoria’s lifetime, as breeders bred them smaller and smaller from sled and herding dogs. The Pomeranian is a favorite breed of royalty and celebrities. In America, the Pomeranian is ranked tenth in popularity among canine breeds.
The Pomeranian is a toy-sized breed. The head is wedge shaped and well proportioned for its body, with a short, straight muzzle, small erect ears and medium sized dark eyes. Sporting a double coat which consists of long, straight fur on the outer layer, and thick, short, extremely soft fur on the undercoat, this breed is a bit more work to groom, but also one of the more attractive breeds. The fur around the neck and chest is longer than the rest of its body, which adds to its glamorous personality. Pomeranians come in a variety of colors, including brown, black, tan, orange sable, cream and even white.
Weighing approximately 3 – 7 pounds, with a height of 7 – 12 inches, this breed is exceptionally easy to transport and even carry in one’s arms. The small size of the Pomeranian makes it a great pet for those who live in small apartments or for elderly individuals who need a companion that is easy to manage.
With a gentle nature and a docile temper, the Pomeranian is a very popular breed that makes a great family dog. Highly intelligent and alert, this breed is also a good watchdog. The vivacious spirit and enthusiastic energy of the Pomeranian makes him a playful companion who is a delight to be around. Loyalty and eagerness to please make this breed a good choice for those who have the time to spend training and nurturing this friendly canine. If properly introduced to other pets in the home, the Pomeranian will get along well both cats and dogs without any problems.
A healthy, sturdy breed, if fed properly and well cared for, Pomeranians can live for approximately 12 – 15 years with relatively few health problems. The small size and high energy of the Pomeranian, keeps it reasonably fit, requiring little extra exercise because they love to move around and stay active.�
Although this breed can suffer the same maladies that any canine can, generally the most common health issues are with teeth, eyes and ears due to poor grooming. Some problems more common to Pomeranians than other breeds are:
- Black skin disease – a combination of alopecia (hair loss) and a darkening of the dog’s skin. It affects males more often than females, and in many instances is inherited. This can occur at any age, although it generally occurs after puberty.
- Tracheal collapse – where the rings that maintain the shape of the windpipe collapse, causing the airway to close. A honking cough coupled with fainting spells, which tend to get worse after exercise or in hot weather, is a sign this may be developing.
- Luxating patella – when the ridges which form the groove in the knees is too shallow to allow the patella to sit securely; generally the result of malformation or a trauma to the knee. This condition causes the knee to jump out of its groove sideways making the leg lock up, with the foot off the ground. This condition is not painful but more inconvenient.
- Cryptorchidism – when either one or both testicles do not descend properly into the scrotum. This condition is surgically correctable by removing the affected testicle.
Extremely inquisitive with lots of energy, Pomeranians are eager to learn and very teachable, although you will need to be firm and extremely patient when training. Despite its small size, Pomeranians are fearless, so it is important during training to make sure you teach your dog that you are the boss, as they can be quite demanding and stubborn at times, and have a “leader of the pack” mentality.
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